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Einville-au-Jard english summary (final report)

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publié le 24 janvier 2019 (modifié le 31 janvier 2019)

At about 07:30 on 3 February 2014 at Einville-au-Jard in Meurthe-et-Moselle, a school bus came off the road at low speed on a bend and overturned in the ditch beside departmental road 160.
This accident cost the life of one school pupil and injured 18 others, including one seriously.

The direct and immediate cause of this accident was black ice on a bend with pronounced subsidence [1] on its right-hand edge in the direction of travel of the bus, which caused a local adverse camber.
Several factors played or could have played a role in exacerbating the consequences of this accident :

  • almost all passengers in the bus were not wearing safety belts and, when it swung into the ditch, the pupils were thrown around inside the vehicle and one of them was ejected through the window beside which he was seated ;
  • delay in evacuating the bus, particularly due to the fact that the passengers were unfamiliar with the vehicle evacuation procedures and the location and operation of the emergency exits.

In view of the initial factors in the analysis, BEA-TT recommended in a progress report that as from March 2014 the departmental Council of Meurthe-et-Moselle should carry out road repairs as soon as possible on the bend where the accident occurred. The corresponding works have been carried out since then.

In this report, BEA-TT recommends that the Directorate General for Infrastructure, Transport and the Sea and the Road Traffic and Safety Delegation should encourage pre‑recorded audio or video messages to be played to inform passengers about the benefits of and obligation to wear seat belts on all buses providing school transport services, regular inter-city lines or occasional medium or long distance services. These messages could be included in a more general message providing information about the safety and evacuation procedures and obligations.

In addition, without issuing a formal recommendation, BEA-TT drew the attention of the transport organisation authorities to the benefits of widely disseminating information and training pupils on emergency bus evacuation procedures.

[1Subsidence : road deformation characterised by a rounded depression in the surface